Maculele

Ursprung und Legenden

 

Warrior ib leeg tiv thaiv ntau…ntau heev. Yog ib qhov ntau legends lwm tus lub hauv paus chiv keeb ntawm cov seev cev Maculelê. Raws li nrog lub capoeira, koj tau hais rau neeg, qhov twg los Maculelê. Tus coj mus tu, tias Maculelê yog teb chaws Africa, yog tshaj, tiam sis nws tseem yog contradictions. Yog tseem tsis luaj thaum twg thiab li cas feem ntawm teb chaws Africa lub Maculelê tuaj rau Brazil, thiab yog hais tias nws muaj ib lub hom phiaj kev cai dab qhuas los yog militant. Journalist Antonio Monteiro hais txog Maculelê, raws li capoeira, raws li kev sib ntaus ntawm qhev rau lub Lords, lwm tus neeg siv, Nws yog lub sij hawm xwb muaj ntshiab tis.

Yog hais tias, Yog hais tias ib tug qhev tau sim khiav, tag nrho lwm yam ua tau ib lub Maculelê Roda ( Kreis), rau cov Feitores (Xauj) los cuam tshuam. Manuel Querino, Historian thiab sau, qhia nyob rau hauv nws phau ntawv «Bahia tsib Outrora» txog ib tug neeg Asmeskas seev cev hu ua Cucumbi, qhov uas cov ntoo dub sticks ua ke tuav thiab hais rau. Nyob rau hauv cov Maculelê kuj rods ntoo yeej siv thiab nws yog tseem tejyam, Qhov tug Schlussvolgerung zajlus kom yog li no: Maculelê yog ib fragment ntawm cov Cucumbis. Hildegardes Vianna, Tham lus dab neeg, txhawb lawv kev tshawb xav ib Querino, thiab yog txawm me ntsis ntxiv yog hais tias, Maculelê tau seev cev nrog rau lub quilombos, hauv lub siab tus tus preamble mus rau ib lub tais khab thiab cov vaj kav dub sib ntaus.

Tus thesis ntawm cov Maculelê ua ib fragment ntawm tus Cucumbis yog nyob hauv lub Santo Amaro da Purificação paub tseeb hais tias vim Maculelê, ua ntej lawm ntawm tus festivities lub «Nossa Senhora da Puruficação thiab Nossa Senhora da Conceição» yog getantzt. Zilda Paim, Xibfwb thiab cov thawj coj ntawm lub Santo Amaro Maculelê ib pab tub rog, yog convinced, Maculelê yog ib tug ntxiv kev loj hlob ntawm lub Cucumbis. Dua li ntawm cov kev zoo sib thooj ntawm cov nkauj, seev cev nrog nreeg hauv lub Cucumbis no twb tsis Individual tab sis.

Lo lus Maculelê, muaj ob lo lus Macum thiab Lê, ob diesebezeichnen African seev. Tsib lub Almeida Plinio, Santo Amaro sau, piav txog, uas • dance ncig lub 1757 yuav tsum tau muab tuaj Brazil, nrog cov qhev los ntawm Mozambique. Yog no thesis controversial.

1969 tuaj rau Senegalese anthropologist Ousmane Silla tom qab Salvador ntaj Bahia, rau ntau yam kev tshawb fawb txog neeg Asmeskas lus dab neeg, Seev cev bahian thiab Maculelê. Nyob rau hauv kev sib tham, nws hais, hav Maculelê los Senegal, ua ib tug menyuam me, nws yuav tau mus saib no las voos.

Nyob rau hauv phau ntawv txhais lus lus dab neeg Brazilian «tsib phau ntawv txhais lus/Dicionário Arolithos Brasileiro». (1. Tso zis) Nws txhais tau hais tias, Maculelê muaj ib tug zoo tib yam rau las voos ib ntawm Miranda ua Douro hauv lub Portugal thiab yuav muaj tsis tau pom rau lub hauv paus chiv keeb neeg Asmeskas.

Kab tias cov lus dab neeg feem ntau yog los ntawm cov phau ntawv «Arte Negra naj Cultura Brasileira». (Daim duab dub nyob Brazilian nyuas) yog Iracy Carisse. Nyob rau hauv nws phau ntawv nws sau, Maculelê yog ib tug las voos, Nws tawm los ntawm ib cov lus dab neeg: Ib tug dub Warrior, Nws twb yeej ua hauj lwm nrog cov gods thiab yuav mus tua tsiaj rau, rov los ntawm ib pawg neeg uas sib txawv, nws tsuas riam phom tau ntoo tuav ob.

Tus legends, Assertions thiab kev tshawb fawb ntawm cov Maculelê muaj varied. Yog txog, Maculelê muaj ib lub hauv paus chiv keeb neeg Asmeskas thiab artistic li ntau lwm nqe lus dub, ntawm lub zos, yog ua thiab tsim kev cai thiab kev influences.

Tau qhov twg los: Phau ntawv «Kw0s_1 Maculelê» los Emilia Biancardi